Both slip-and-fall accidents and motor vehicle collisions are leading causes of traumatic brain injury. If you have a TBI, sometimes there is a delay of a few hours or days before you experience symptoms, or the symptoms may be present immediately. Every brain injury is different, so the effects are unpredictable.
Symptoms of TBI are not just physical. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an injury to the brain can also affect your emotions, your thinking patterns and your ability to sleep. Here are some symptoms to pay attention to following a TBI.
A brain injury can affect your cognition, which is your ability to think. After a TBI, you may have difficulty thinking clearly, concentrating or paying attention. You may experience memory problems that can affect either your long-term or short-term reminiscences. You may feel groggy or slowed down.
Generally speaking, you may feel a heightened state of emotions. These emotions can take many different forms. You may feel inexplicably sad or anxious or unusually irritable and prone to anger.
Early on, a TBI can cause nausea or vomiting. Later, you may experience a headache. Light and noise may bother you in a way that is unusual for you. You may feel dizzy or have problems with your vision.
A brain injury can affect your sleep in unpredictable ways. You may find that you have trouble falling asleep and spend fewer hours asleep than usual. Or the opposite may occur, and you may find that you spend more time sleeping.
If your injury is more severe, these symptoms may last longer or be more debilitating. Severe brain injuries can also cause dilated pupils, with one larger than the other, seizures or convulsions. These are danger signs indicating that you need immediate medical attention.